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Diagnosing Head and Neck Cancer

To look for cancer, your doctor will examine all the areas of your head and neck.

  • Your doctor will first feel for lumps on the neck, mouth and throat. He or she may also use a flexible endoscope, a thin, lighted tube that is passed through the nose, to obtain a more comprehensive assessment of the head and neck area.
  • X-ray, CT, MR and PET scans are often needed to show the location and extent of the cancer.
  • To confirm if you have cancer, some tissue will be removed and analyzed. This test is called a biopsy.