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Risk Factors for Head and Neck Cancer

The use of tobacco and alcohol greatly increases your chances of developing head and neck cancer. Risk factors include:

  • Alcohol consumption.
  • Smoking or use of smokeless tobacco, such as chew or dip.
  • Exposure to wood or nickel dust or asbestos.
  • Plummer-Vinson syndrome (disorder from nutritional deficiencies).
  • Exposure to viruses, including the human papillomavirus (HPV) and Epstein-Barr.