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Types of Head and Neck Cancers

Head and neck cancers arise from the cells that make up the face, mouth and throat. Because cancers in different locations behave differently, treatment depends on the cancer type and extent. Some common locations include:

  • Nasal cavity/paranasal sinuses.
  • Nasopharynx.
  • Oral cavity (lips, gums, floor of mouth, oral tongue, cheek mucosa, hard palate, retromolar trigone).
  • Oropharynx (base of tongue, tonsils, soft palate, oropharyngeal wall).
  • Larynx (vocal cords and supraglottic larynx).
  • Hypopharynx (pyriform sinuses, post-cricoid area, posterior pharyngeal wall).
  • Salivary glands (parotid, submandibular, sublingual and minor salivary glands).
  • Thyroid.

Cancers arising in the brain or eyes are considered different from head and neck cancers. However, your doctor will check the areas to make sure the cancer has not spread.